Benjamin Morton Goode was born 28 Jun 1800 (a Saturday) in Greenville county, South Carolina. His parents were John Goode and Elizabeth Jane Hawkins. John and Janie (Hawkins) Goode had married in 1795 in Rutherford county North Carolina, but were in Greenville by 1798 (John "of Greenville" returned to Rutherford to sell property he had there). Benjamin had an older half-sister, Margaret (born 20 November 1791 to John Goode and his first wife, Patsy Gill, who died shortly after).
There are no land deeds for John Goode in Greenville, so it is not certain just where the family lived. But Benjamin grew up there there until at least 1804 (again indicated by land deeds in Rutherford). For sure the family had moved back or passed through Rutherford again because on 20 December 1809 John Goode sold the last of his holdings in Rutherford, 95 acres on the Suck branch of the Sandy. The family was moving to Christian county Kentucky and were there for the 1810 census and tax lists.
Nancy Daniel was the oldest child of Elijah Daniel and Elizabeth Womack. Nancy was born in February of 1802 in Person county North Carolina and grew up there until 1810 when her family also moved to Christian county Kentucky.
Both the Goode and Daniel families settled on the Muddy Fork of the Little River in what would become the northeastern portion of Trigg county when it was cut from Christian in 1820. Another John Goode came to Christian/Trigg from Virginia and early histories tend to blend the two. Perrin's History of Trigg says that John Goode settled on Dry Fork, one and a half miles from the Cerulean Springs. However, Dry Fork is in the southern part of Trigg/Christian counties on the border with Tennessee and Cerulean Springs is in the north. Perrin also says that John Goode and his wife were early members of the Muddy Fork Baptist Church and dates it approximately 1806. If the date is correct, then again it is not our John and Janie Goode, but rather the other. The Daniel family also settled in the Cerulean Springs area. The Muddy Fork and Cerulean Springs (green dot) are shown below on a map from the USGS Mapping Information Geographic Names Information System and the Tiger Map Server at the U.S. Census Bureau. Horse Creek (orange dot) is where the families settled as will be described shortly.
Benjamin Morton Goode and Nancy Daniel married in Christian county Kentucky. Benjamin signed a bond (the signature at the top of this page) and his father John Goode signed as bondsman. Nancy was only 17, a month shy of her 18th birthday, so her father Elijah Daniel wrote and signed a consent for her to marry. The bond was dated 31 January 1820. The Kentucky Reporter of 1 March 1820 reported that "Benjamin Goode married Miss Nancy Daniel, daughter of Capt. Elijah Daniel" in February 1820. Later that year Benjamin and Nancy's new household is enumerated in the 1820 Trigg census. They are next door to John Goode and show Benjamin as 16-26, Nancy as 16-26. There is a woman aged 26-45 living with them and a mark for a man over 45 (I had thought this mark may have also been erased). I do not know who these are, but they are neither Benjamin nor Nancy's parents who are enumerated separately. Benjamin and Nancy also show that they have one slave, a girl under 14 years old. This girl is probably Mary who was given by Nancy's father (this will be shown later in his estate). Benjamin does not show up on the tax lists for 1820; he has not turned 21 quite yet and has no taxable property at this time.
The following year Benjamin bought land in Trigg. On 4 May 1821 he bought 36 acres from his father John Goode for $200. The land was on the waters of Muddy Fork of the Little River and bounded by McCaughan's line (a major landowner in Trigg), Daniel's corner, and was part of a 94 acre survey made for Robert Goode. The witness to this deed was Lemuel A. Wood and it was recorded on 15 October 1821 in Trigg Deed Book A, p. 141. A week and a half later, on 15 May, Benjamin M. Goode bought 49 acres for $250 from his father-in-law, Elijah Daniel. This land was also described on the Muddy Fork of the Little River, at the corner of John Goode's field, being part of a 197 acre survey patented to Richard Brownfield. John Goode and Braxton Wall witnessed this deed and it was also recorded on 15 October 1821 in Book A, p. 140.
Benjamin Goode had both these properties surveyed as shown in the Surveyor's Records of 1820-1826. There are no dates shown, but they are both in the same entry (p. 168 of the book) and read as follows:
Benjn Good 36a, it being part of Robt Goods 94 acre suvey. Begins at a ?-yeary saplin - thence S40 W84 poles to a stone in McCaughans line = thence S50 E120 poles to a post oak McCaughans corner - thence N75 #9 poles to a black Jack saplin Brownfields corner (E. Daniels) thence N19 W146 poles to the beginning.
Benjn Good 49a, part of R. Brownfields 197 1/2a survey, begins at a Hickory stump in the corner of John Goods field thence N60 E74 poles to 2 red oaks thence S19 E60 poles to a post oak saplin - thence S14 W127 poles to a black jack saplin Goods corner - thence with his line N19 W146 poles to the beginning.
It appears that Benjamin and Nancy's first child was James, born 4 June 1821. This is in an very old list of births (shared by Ben Taylor Goode) in such a way as to seem like their first child. However, there are no more records of James and he doesn't appear on the census in 1830, so he must have died young. The name James is probably after Nancy's grandfather James Daniel, it is not common name in this branch of the Goode family. The 1821 tax lists still do not show Benjamin (the lists aren't dated but were usually taken in summer and late fall; Benjamin may still not have been 21 or have taken possession of his acreage), but his father John is shown on Horse Creek with 400 acres. John's will describes the tract as 364 acres which accounts for the 36 acres he sold to Benjamin.
Benjamin's father died sometime between 11 April 1822 and 17 Jun 1822. In his will (Will Book A, p. 14) he notes that his older and married children have already received their shares, but that if the future distributions to his younger children turn out to be more, then the surplus is to be divided among them all. He further states "...and to my sons Benjamin Morton & Obadia [sic] Woodson & my Daughter Eliza Goode, I bequeath the price of my two Negro men Abraham and Jose, which I desire my Executors to sell, and divide the amount among the three equally." The estate settlements and accounts for John Goode are not very complete, and what accounts there are do not show Benjamin Morton Goode receiving or paying any monies.
The 1822 tax lists show the situation after John Goode's death. Jane Goode is listed with no taxables, 3 blacks over 16, 5 blacks total, 4 horses, 5 "scholars", and 350 acres on Horse Creek. Benj. M. Goode is shown with no taxables, blacks, horses or scholars. He does have 86 acres on Horse Creek.
Only a short time later, Nancy's father Elijah died, by October 1822. The appraisal of his estate on 14 November 1822 included:
One bay Mare that B. Goode recd is worth $85Mary is probably the slave enumerated with Benjamin and Nancy in the 1820 census and these other articles are what Benjamin and Nancy had already been given, but which still had to be appraised in the estate. The total of the list is $553.00. Benjamin and Nancy will continue to be involved with the estate of Nancy's father for several more years. There is a full transcription of Elijah Daniel's estate here. It is all in Will Book A, but I am not indicating pages in this narrative.
One negro Girl named Mary Recd by Benj Goode is worth $400
One Bed & furniture 7 Beadsted Recd by B. Goode at $37.50
One Black Walnut chest Recd by B. Good $2.50
one Side Saddle & Bridle Recd by B. Goode worth $20
4 sheep Recd by B. Goode at $2 a head
[In this list was also "two cows & a two year ole Heifer worthy $26", but it didn't say Recd by B. Goode. I think it probably was, but not noted in error.]
Benjamin and Nancy's second child, John Daniel Goode, was born 24 January 1823. (It seems likely the John is for Benjamin's father and the Daniel for Nancy's family.) However, Benjamin and Nancy do not show up in the tax lists for the next two years, 1823-1824. Benjamin's mother Jane is also not on these lists and in April of 1824 her land is sold (Book A, p. 409), it was also in the will the land could be sold if necessary to maintain the family. The next record of Benjamin is as a buyer at a sale of Elijah Daniel's property held on the 26th and 27th of November of 1824. Not all the items were listed with the price, but I have included what they were appraised at [in straight brackets] when I could determine it from the earlier records. I have also written out the items where they were indicated with ditto marks to make it easier to read. He bought: 1 yoke of oxen [$25], 1 ox Cart, 10 Barrels corn at $13.40 cents, 10 [more] Barrels corn 13.40, 10 [more] Barrels corn 13.40 10 [more] Barrels corn 13.80, 10 [more] Barrels corn 13.40, 1 Stack & Shucks, and 4 Harrow teeth. A month later, on 20 December 1824, Benjamin Goode along with T. M. Hammonds, John Jennings, and John Daniel signed as a security in the appointment of George Daniel (Nancy's brother) as guardian to their 4 minor brothers and sisters, Agnes, Green, Lucy, and Lewis Daniel (Court Order Book A, p. 162).
Their next child born was Elijah Daniel Goode (obviously named directly after Nancy's father). He was born on 3 February 1825. Benjamin is once again on the 1825 tax lists, in Wilson's Company. There is 1 white male over 21, 1 black over 16, 3 blacks total, 3 horses, and the evaluation is $1750. However, he is shown as having no land. I cannot find a deed by Benjamin disposing of this land, but his 86 acres do show up again on the tax lists. Later that year an account of Elijah Daniel's estate of 17 December 1825 shows that it had credits from Benjamin Goode: "No.1 By Benj. Goode - part of the estate 612.53 cts, paid to him in items, paid to him according to the [?]provisement bill, and interest on the same as the amount is charged with the same - 73.50". This is likely the value of the items he and Nancy had received (above) as part of their share of the estate and interest. Further entries in these accounts also show that $30 was paid to Benjamin Goode from Frances Daniel (another of the heirs). The settlement showed that "the ninth part is $635.53 of the negro property and personal estate which is each heirs share of said estate - which is settled and disposed of agreeable to accounts". The eight other children of Elijah are listed with the accounting of their shares, but Nancy is not as she had already received her part when she married and shortly after.
In January of 1826 the commissioners met to divide and distribute Elijah Daniel's land among his heirs. Two of the lots are described as follows:
Lots M and N is Nancy Good's part, formerly Nancy Daniel.
M is part of the Upton place, and begins at a Red Bud and haw bush in a line of the original survey, also in the line of Wiley Wilson's Survey, thence with said line S. 20 W 100 poles to a small hickory and post oak stump corner of the original survey, thence South 70¡ E. 32 poles to a black oak, white oak and pissimmon bushes, thence N. 20¡ East 48 poles to a Red Oak on the North side of the Spring brance, about four poles below the spring, thence South 70 E. 18 1/2 poles to a dogwood bush, thence N. 20¡ East 52 poles to a black oak bush, on the side of the know, thence North 70¡ W. 50 1/2 poles to the beginning containing 26 Acres. Lot N is a part of the Brownfield place which has formerly been conveyed to Benjn and Nancy Goode, and of course its metes and bounds is useless in this report, it contains 49 Acres.
Given under our hand this 20th day of March 1826. John McCaughan, Seth P. Pool, Sa'l (his X mark) Goodwin Senr.
Because Elijah Daniel had died intestate, the commissioners had to file deeds of title to the lands to the heirs. These deeds are in Will Book B, starting at p. 297 with Benjamin and Nancy's. They were executed in July of 1826 and recorded on 7 August 1826 and the witnesses were Charles Jones and George Daniel. The land is deeded to Benjamin and Nancy Goode heirs at law, "love and affection of E. Daniel decd and according to court order", for 26 acres, part of a400a survey entered in the name of James Upton, owned by E. Daniel at his decease, bounded by Wiley Wilson. Benj'n Goode is listed as a bound in the following deed to John Daniel Junr. which was 175 acres also part of the Upton place. The two lots, the 26 acres and the 49 acres (which Benjamin had already bought) are shown in the plats in these records as:
Also at the time of the recording of these titles, there was an election "of a member to lower branch of the State Legislature" held in Cadiz. The voting was done from Monday to Wednesday, 7-9 August 1826 and Benjamin Goode is in the Poll Book for Cadiz Precinct for the election. In the tax lists he is shown with 26 acres on Horse Creek, with 1 white male over 21, 1 black over 16, 2 blacks total, 4 horses, and a valuation of $1106. The land was valued at $1 per acre.
Just a few months later, on 14 February 1827 Benjamin Goode sold the 26 acres to Wiley Wilson for $39 (this land was located along the line of Wiley Wilson's survey). The witnesses were T. L. Mayes and Caldwell P.Pool and the deed was acknowledged in person by Benjamin Goode and recorded on 20 August 1827 in Book C, p. 66. Elizabeth Jane, Benjamin and Nancy's first daughter was born sometime in March of 1827 (named after Benjamin's mother). For this year and the following (1828) Benjamin Goode is in the tax lists with no land, 1 white male over 21, 1 black over 16, 2 blacks total, 6 horses, and a valuation of $900.
On Monday the 20th of April 1829, Benjamin Goode signed as security on the bond for James T. McCaughan's appointment as constable within the 5th precinct. This is shown in the Court Order Book A, p. 336. He is on the tax list with no land, 1 white male over 21, 2 blacks over 16, 2 blacks total, 5 horses, 1 child aged 4-15, and a valuation of $850. The child is John Daniel, age 6. Then on the 28th of June of 1829, a daughter Virginia Susan was born. Her tombstone says it was on 18 June of 1830, but that information was given by her daughter in 1892. The 1829 date is from the list of births created much earlier and is more likely correct; it also conforms more to what all the later census records show for Virginia Susan. Benjamin Goode voted again on 3 August 1829 and appears in the Cadiz Poll Book (there is no description of what the election was for).
Court Order Book A, pp. 383-384 show that on Monday 19 April 1830 it was "Ordered that William Adams be appointed surveyor of that part of the road from Carroll's hill to Harpending's or Milleville, commencing at the Muddy Fork & continuing to the Caldwell County line, in the place of David Martin, resigned, with the following boundary, to include hands, to wit: Beginning at where said road crosses the Muddy Fork, thence to the Cadiz road, to Benjamins Goode's, from thence to Charles Jones' & Benjamin Faulkner's, thence on a direction with the county line of Trigg & Caldwell to the Christian & Trigg County lines on the northwest side, & that said surveyor keep road in lawful repair to width of 15 feet." Harpending Springs is in Caldwell county via road 126 today. The Trigg-Caldwell border was in play even into the 1830s, and the roads today have certainly changed, but with a slight bend to the south, this description might be describing 126 as it passes southeast and then as it would turn onto 124 and continue on to become the Cerulean Bainbridge road. This would pass through the Horse Creek area easily.
Benjamin and Nancy's household in the 1830 census for Trigg shows:
1 male 20-30 (Benjamin 29-30)
1 female 20-30 (Nancy 28)
1 male 5-10 (John Daniel 7)
1 male under 5 (Elijah Daniel 5)
2 females under 5 (Elizabeth Jane 3, Virginia Susan 1)
There are two slaves, one male aged 24-36 and 1 female under 10. I do not know what happened to Mary.
Benjamin's tax entry for 1830 shows 56 acres on Horse Creek, 1 male over 21, 2 blacks over 16, 3 blacks total, 2 horses, a valuation of $950. The land is valued at $2.50 per acre. I have so far found nothing about how or when Benjamin acquired this 56 acres.
Benjamin Goode went to court and applied for guardianship for his younger brothers and sisters and it was so ordered on Monday 18 October 1830 (Court Order Book A, p 412). This likely tells us that their mother Jane has died. (Even mothers had to be named guardians of their own children, but there are no records of her guardianship since John had died). The children involved were listed as Harriet (maybe about 16), Oneida (about 12), Henry (probably just about to turn 21), Narcissa (maybe about 16), and Nancy (10) Goode. With John Daniel and James L. McCaughan as his securites, Benjamin entered into a bond with a penalty of $1600. The next day, Tuesday 19 October 1830, Benjamin Goode is named in the list of hands assigned to John Jones, surveyor on the road from Cadiz to Madisonville (Court Order Book A, p. 415). There is no road today that seems to be a straight shot from Cadiz to Madisonville (in Hopkins county).
The 18th of April 1831 was a very busy day. Benjamin Goode was a buyer at the estate sale of John Faulkner (Will Book A, p. 244). Then he signed as a security for John Cameron when he was appointed a constable of Trigg within the 7th district (Court Order Book A, p. 435). As well, John McCaughan, an executor of John Goode's will applied for an accounting and settlement of the estate. However, when the commissioners appointed filed their report, it was contested by the heirs and the settlement was stayed and continued until the next court "for the parties to be heard". I have not found any more details on this matter and I don't know if Benjamin was among the heirs who contested the settlement. The tax lists show Goode Benjamin with 57 acres on Horse Creek, 1 male over 21, 2 blacks over 16, 3 blacks total, 3 horses, the land being valued at $2.50 per acre, and a total valuation of $1140.
Another bequest in John Goode's will had been some land "on the Obion River" in Tennessee. This land was given to Jane for life and then to their sons John Hopson and Henry Goode. On 19 March 1832, "A deed of bargain and sale from John H. Goode and his wife Elizabeth Goode, to Benjamin Goode for eighty acres of land lying in Henry County Tennessee, was produced in open court, and acknowledged by said John H. Goode, one of the grantors to be his act and deed, hand and seal, for the purpose therein contained, which is ordered to be certified accordingly that the same may be duly admitted to record in the county where the land lies." This is in Court Order Book B, p. 46, and certainly indicates that Benjamin's mother has died. If the whole tract in the will was 80 acres it means either Henry sold his share to John Hopson, or that Henry may have already died without heirs and John H. was free to sell it. I have not found later records of Henry Wood Goode, and propose this as the reason, but can't really prove it and I haven't done enough of the Henry county records yet to identify this land or when and how old John Goode acquired it. There is no tax book for 1832.
Green Daniel, Nancy's younger brother sold land to Benjamin Goode on 26 January 1833 (Deed Book E, p. 61). For $400 he conveyed to him 313 acres, "one hundred acres of which have been previously sold to Francis B. Ladd". The land was on the Waters of the Muddy Fork of Little River and bounded on Stephens and Fillpott's survey, the corner and lines of Henry Wyatt's survey, the corner and lines of Elisha Harbour's survey, the corner and lines of Samuel Stephen's survey, and the corner to Spimer [sic] and Stephen. Jechonias P. Pool and Seth P. Pool witnessed the deed and it was recorded on 8 July 1833.
In the tax list for this year Benjamin Goode shows these 214 acres on Muddy fork. Where the names of the original persons who entered the land and patented are it says, "No patt [sic] as is apping [sic] for certificate". There is 1 white male over 21, 3 blacks over 16, 5 blacks total, 7 horses and the land is valued at $3.00 per acre, with a total valuation of $257. Also during 1833, on 27 August, Benjamin M. Goode witnessed the will of Seath [sic] P'Pool. This will would not be probated until 9 Novemeber of 1835, when it was recorded in Will Book B, p. 27. And a while later, Benjamin registered a stray animal he had found: "Taken up by Benjamin Goode living about eleven miles from Cadiz on the Waters of the Muddy fork a black mare five feet high, eight years old, two hind feet white about the footlock, a small star in the forehead and a swips [sic, pretty much] a brand on the near shoulder resembling the letter A appraised to $20. Given under my hand this 2nd day of November 1833. P. C. Frayser J.P. This report was filed 7 November 1833
Recorded in Deed Book E, p. 218 is the following:
"Whereas, on the 14th day of April, 1834, I George Daniel deputy for Richard P. Dawson Sheriff of Trigg County by virtue of an execution which issued from the Clerk's office of the Trigg Circuit Court in the name of J. E. Thompson against the estate of Benjamin Goode and William C. Thompson, exposed to Sale all the right, title, claim and interest which Benjamin Goode holds or ever had in a certain tract of land lying on the Muddy fork of Little River near the Cerulean Springs to the highest bidder as the law directs, and Sovreign Hollowell became the purchaser of said tract of land supposed to contain about 214 acres at the price of five dollars. Given under my hand this - day of April 1834 Geo: Daniel, deputy for Richard P. Dawson, S.T.C.All of the above was recorded on 15 July 1834 and Benjamin was still shown in the tax lists with the 214 acres on Muddy fork, with 1 white male over 21, no blacks, and 4 horses. The land was valued at $1.00 per acre and the total valuation was $37.00 [My notes are not clear on the cents here.] Sometime this year Benjamin Goode was a buyer at the estate sale of Presley Slaughter, the filing of which was recorded on 11 August 1834 in Will Book A, p. 395.
[this is followed by]
I do hereby release to Benjamin Goode all the right, title, claim and interest which I hold in the above tract of land, the Said Benjamin Goode having paid me five dollars the amt. given by me for said land and six per cent interest to this date with a full understanding that I am not liable in any way whatever concerning the aforesaid purchase and release. Sovreign Hollowell July 15th 1834 Witness Geo. Daniel.
And then Benjamin sold the 214 acres (Book E, p. 272) on 10 October 1834 to Joshua Grant for $450. The land is described as 314 acres in Trigg on Waters of the Muddy fork of Little River, bounding on Stephen and Fillpott's survey, Henry Wyatt, E. Harbour survey, Emanuel Stephen's survey, Jas. Jeffrey's survey, "containing 314 acres excepting 100 acres sold by J. P. Pool while the same belonged to him and also excepting 14 acres sold conditionally by said Good to Joseph Johnson, the quantity intended to be conveyed hereby being only 200a more or less and being a part of the tract conveyed to said Goode by Green Daniel". There were no witnesses and the deed was acknowledged in court and recorded on 15 December 1834.
Sometime between 1831 and 1834, Benjamin and Nancy had another daughter, Frances. And around 1834 to 1835 their daughter Martha A. Goode was born.
Nancy's brother, George Daniel, died in 1835 and Benjamin Goode bought a Brindle steer for $10.62 1/2 from the estate. I don't have the date of the sale, but it was recorded on 9 March 1835 in Will Book B, p. 6. Benjamin's tax entry for 1835 showed no land, 1 white male over 21, no blacks, 4 horses and a total valuation of $200. On 30 Dec 1835 Benjamin Goode was a buyer from the estate of Catharine Stinebaugh, as recorded 11 September 1839 in Will Book B, p. 60 .
The only records I've found for Benjamin and Nancy in 1836 to 1837 are their tax entries. Benjamin's brother-in-law (husband of Eliza Goode), John C. Goode had died and Benjamin was the administrator of his estate, and thusly named in the lists. In 1836, Benjamin's personal entry shows him as "Benmn M. Goode" with no land 1 white male over 21, no blacks, 4 horses, and a total valuation of $200. The following entry reads "same as administrator of John C. Goode decd" and the entry shows 100 acres on Muddy Fork, with 1 horse, valued at $6.00 per acre and a total valuation of $630. The entry in 1837 shows Benjamin M. Goode with no land, 1 white male over 21, 5 horses or mules valued at $300, and a total of $300. This is again followed by "same as administrator of" John Goode decd, showing 100 acres valued at $700, no tithes, no blacks, no animals, and a total valuation of $700. Benjamin and Nancy had their fifth daughter, Sarah Agnes on 10 October 1837.
Irvin Brandon died in Trigg in 1838 and Benjamin Good was a buyer at a sale of the estae on 24 May 1838 (Will Book B, p. 193). The 1838 tax entry for Benjamin M. Goode for this year showed 66 acres on Muddy fork valued at $330, 1 white male over 21, 1 person eligible to vote, 2 horses or mules valued at $150, 8 cattle at $16. The lists now describe the "value of extra property over $300" and for Benjamin it was $250. The total valuation for 1838 was $764. This 66 acres was not actually Benjamin's as will be seen in the 1839 tax list, this was really referring to John C. Goode's land again.
William Cannon who had been a court officer of Trigg died in 1839 and on a list of notes and judgments filed for his estate are found B. Goode, John C. Goode (among a long list). This was recorded on 10 June 1839 in Will Book B, p. 212. Again in the tax lists, Benjamin Goode is listed for himself and as administrator. For himself there is no land, 1 white male over 21, 4 horses or mares at $260, 7 cattle at $10, the "residue" over $300 is given as $300, and the total valuation is $570. John C. Goode's estate has 66 acres at $396, no people or animals and the total valuation is $396. On 3 August 1839 Benjamin and Nancy had their daughter Nancy Emily.
In an undated deed which is recorded sometime in the December 1839 to January 1840 area of Will Book B (p. 271), the Commissioners laid off the dower of Eliza Cox, late Eliza Goode, widow of John Goode. The tract of land is described as beginning at a stake on K. McCaughan's line, and containing thirty-three acres. Kain A. McCaughan, Hezekiah S. Watkins, and Peter Wade are listed as the commissioners. This is a full half, not a widow's thirds of John C. Goode's land. Then on 10 February 1840 (Deed Book G, p. 351) Thomas Cox and his wife Elizabeth Cox ("late Eliza Goode wife of John C. Goode decd") sell to Benjamin Goode for $200 this dower. The 33 acres are described as bounding McCaughan's west boundary of a small tract which he bought of John C. Goode, "to a stake on the east edge of the road from Wall's Bridge to Hopkinsville Standing", the further describes it as it follows the "meanders of the road to the crossing of it and the road from Cadiz to the Sulpher Spring". This conveyance is only good for the natural life of Eliza Cox. There were no witnesses as it was acknowledged in court and recorded on the same day.
Thus the 1840 tax entry for Benjamin Goode shows him with 35 acres on the Muddy Fork at $350, 1 white male over 21, 4 horses or mares at $400, total valuation $750. However, now there is a new entry that says there are 4 children ages 7-17. These children are John Daniel (17), Elijah Daniel (15), Elizabeth Jane (13), Virginia Susan (just turning or turned 11). Benjamin is also listed, this time as "exect" of J. C. Goode Decd, with 66 acres at $660 and no people or animals.
The 1840 census shows the family as follows: 1 male 30-40 (Benjamin 39-40) 1 female 30-40 (Nancy 38) 2 males 15-20 (John Daniel 17, Elijah Daniel 15) 2 females 10-15 (Elizabeth Jane 13, Virginia Susan 10-11) 1 male 10-15 (this may be the son of John C. and Eliza Goode, see later) 2 females 5-10 (Frances about 6-7, Martha Ann about 5) 2 females under 5 (Sarah Agnes 2 going on 3, Nancy Emily 1)
Sometime during the 26th to 28th of April 1841 Benjamin voted in an election as he is listed as "Benj. Goode" in the Cadiz Poll Book. His tax entry for this year still shows the 33 acres on Muddy Fork at $330, 1 white male over 21, 5 horses or mares at $250, 1 mule at $70, 4 children ages 7 to 17, the "value under the equalization law" is $200, and the total is ?$850 [hard to read]. The next entry is for him but this time as Guardian for John Goode Junr; this entry also still shows the 66 acres. John Goode Junior may be the unidentified male living in the household in the census. I do not have enough later information on John C. and Eliza Goode's family, although they also had a daughter, Mary J. born about 1833. It is not likely it is a son of Benjamin and Nancy who died later, he would have been identifiable in the 1840 tax entry as one of the children age 7 to 17.
On 5 July 1842 Fidelia C. Sharp of Christian county sold for $117 to Benjamin M. Goode of Trigg 39 acres of land in Trigg on the waters of Muddy Fork, described as part of the Daviss Seminary Survey of 595 acres, that part of the survey which was conveyed Sharp in April 1822. The land bounded Daniel Cameron, John Faulkner, and the land which Fidelia Sharp had also on this day conveyed to Daniel Cameron. It is further described as on the south side of an old road, bounding Fidelia Sharp and John Faulkner. The witnesses were D. B. Carron and Kain A. McCaughan and the deed was recorded 7 July 1842 in Book H, p. 225.
The tax books do not have a section for Muddy Fork for 1842, but Benj. Goode is again in the Cadiz Poll Book "for an election at Cadiz" on 3 August 1842. And Benjamin and Nancy's last child, Cornelia, was born on 23 November 1842.
Benjamin Goode took up another stray in 1843 and the entry in the Estray Book #1 reads:
-- -- 1843 Taken up by Benjamin Goode living 8 miles north of Cadiz in said County on the Princeton Road near Wallonia, one sorrel horse with a small bell --[maybe crossed out] supposed to be 12 years old, 16 ft high, small white streak on the face, some white --- on the top of the hind left forefoot white shoe all ---- marked with -- -- on the left shoulder and markerd with this collar and appraised to twenty five dollars before me this 12th day of June 1843. A --- in the left Size. T. W. Hammond J.P.
Benjamin M. Goode is shown on the 1843 tax list with 139 acres on Muddy Fork at $834, 1 white male over 21, 6 horses or mares at $240, 1 mule at $40, 4 children ages 5 to 16 and a total valuation of $1114. He is listed again "for the Heirs of John C. Goode, but no land is listed. Benjamin and Nancy's four children would definitely be Virginia Susan, Frances, Martha A., with either Elizabeth Jane on the high end (she's 16) or Sarah Agnes on the low end (she's 6). The lists are only dated, if at all, by when they were returned, not for when they were taken. I cannot account for the extra acreage in this listing, I felt the entry was clearly 139 acres, but there are no deeds about it.
In 1844 Benj. M. Goode is listed with 69 acres at $414, 1 white male over 21, 4 horses or mares at $200, 10 cattle, the value of cattle over $50 being listed as $25, 4 children ages 5 to 16, with a total of $639. He is also listed as Guardian for J. C. Goode's heirs again with the 66 acres. The year the children would definitely be Virginia Susan, Frances, Martha A. and Sarah Agnes.
Benjamin was in debt in 1844 and executed the following deed of mortgage on 22 August 1844, which was recorded in Book I, p. 114:
Benjamin M. Goode indebted for $57.14 to J. H. Miller, & to A. S. Poston etc in the sum of $244.24, and to D. Lander for $21.43, to J. E. Thompson for $50, and being willing to secure the payment, so for $1.00 he sells to sd Poston, Miller, Lander and Thompson: all the right, title, interest and claim which I have in and to the dower of Eliza Cox in and to the tract of land owned by her former husband John D. Goode decd, her dower therein a assigned her being 33 acres and by her and her husband conveyed to me, also 4 Beds, bedstads & furniture, one Press, One Waggon & Cpr stamp, 4 head of Horses, 17 head of Hogs, 15 Sheep, 10 head of Cattle, 1 Yoke of Oxen, and all my present years Crop of Corn and the Corn raised by me last year, my interest in the present years Crop of Corn being three fourths thereof and the old Corn being my own exclusively, also 4500 bundles of Fodder & Oats.There were no witnesses and the mortgage was acknowledged in court and recorded on 22 August 1844. Up the side of the deed in tiny writing is a memo "A. H. Poston, A. H. Poston Surviving party of AHPH, and S. E. Thompson sign to "We hereby release and relinquish all claim to the land --- --- in this deed of mortgage, 27 Sep 1853."" I have not researched whether these people were merchants or something else, nor do I know if it really took Benjamin 9 years to pay off the debt. He was preparing to move in the 1850s and that simply may be when he had the title cleared so he could sell the land. He continues to show land in the tax lists all during these years, suggesting he paid it off before the memo was added.
Benjamin M. Goode secured another debt with a mortgage on 19 June 1845 (Book I, p. 229). This time he was indebted to Samuel McKinney for $55, to Terry & McKinny for $150, the notes are described as "now due and for goods to be furnished to me by the said Terry & McKinny during the present year". Benjamin sold them "all my present growing Crop of Corn and Tobacco and wheat & Oats." The new debt was due by the 1st of June of 1846 in order to void this mortgage, there were no witnesses as it was acknowledged in court and recorded on 19 June 1845. The business of Terry & McKinney was a mercantile store that had taken over the original store of Wall & Gray in Wallonia. Samuel McKinney was the postmaster of Wallonia in the 1840s.
The tax list for 1845 shows Benjamin Goode with 73 acres on Muddy Fork at $389, 1 white male over 21, 2 horses or mares at $24, 10 cattle at $25 (this being the value that is over $50), 4 children 5 to 16. The value under the equalization law was $100 and the total was $538. He is not shown as administrator or guardian for John C. Goode or heirs this year. Again, because the lists aren't dated, the four children are definitely Frances (about 11), Martha A. (about 7), and Sarah Agnes (7), with either Virginia Susan on the high end or Nancy Emily on the low end. This list may also include Banjamin and Nancy's oldest son John having come of age, but his entry is so distant from the family that it's possibly a John from another group.
At the end of the year on Monday, 12 December 1845 there is an entry in the Court Order Book C, p. 158 showing: "Benjamin Goode, with leave of the Court files his list of taxable property for the present year as follows: 1 white tithe, 6 horses valued at $240 & 100acres of land valued at $2000, total val $1240 and the same is ordered to be certified to the auditor of public accounts." He also filed as guardian of the heirs of John C. Goode at this time. In the older days, tax lists were often filed in one year referring to the previous year, but I feel the lists of Trigg indicate well enough that they are for the current year, so this may be a correction or addenda. [If not, I have to revise everything back by a year!] This would also be how he corrected the original lists not naming him as involved with the estate of John C. Goode.
Benjamin again secured payment on a debt to A. R. Terry and A. H. Poston. On 5 August 1846 he sold "all my present crop of corn, fodder and Tobacco". The mortgage was for $100 which note was due on 1 May 1847. It was acknowledged in court with no witnesses signing and was recorded on the same day.
The 1846 tax lists show, clustered together, Benjamin and his son John (for sure) and now son Elijah D. Goode has also come of age. Benjamin M. Good [sic] has 73 acres on Muddy Fork at $389, 1 white male over 21, 1 horse or mare at $20, 4 children 5 to 16, and the total is $409. He is again listed as Guardian for the heirs of John C. Good Decd, this time showing 60 acres. As far as the children shown for Benjamin, they are Frances (about 12), Martha A. (about 10), Sarah Agnes (8), and Nancy Emily (6-7)
In 1847 B. M. Goode is listed in the tax book with 1 qualified voter, 69 acres on Muddy Fork at $300, 1 white male over 21, 2 horses or mares at $60, 3 children 5 to 16, and a total valuation of $340. It appears one of the girls who should be listed was not. Benjamin is also again listed as guardian for the heirs of J. C. Goode decd, with the 66 acres. Son Elijah is on this list, but I couldn't find John (my notes on the sons are not reliable as exhaustive in any year). Later in the year, Cornelia Goode, Benjamin and Nancy's youngest child died. She was one day short of her 5th birthday and was buried at the Wall Cemetery.
A couple months later in early 1848 "Susan V. Goode" married Wm. S. Coy in Trigg. The Trigg marriage docket number is 1178. The return was made on 21 January 1848 by J. F. White, with the certificate saying the marriage was solemnized according to law on 5 January 1848. However, the bond is listed as 6 January 1848. This is just a docket, not the actual bonds, so the 6th date is more likely the date it was entered here, not the date of the bond. Virginia Susan was underage, but there is no consent mentioned (I don't remember seeing them at all in this docket). William S. and Virginia Susan (Goode) Coy started their home in Wallonia where William was a grocer.
Benjamin Goode is on the 1848 and 1849 tax lists as Benj. M. Goode. In 1848 there is 1 voter, 69 acres on Muddy Fork at $300, 1 white male over 21, 1 horse or mare at $40, 3 children 5 to 16, with a total valuation of $340. He is not listed for the heirs of John C. Goode this year, and his 3 children referred to are some three of Frances, Martha A., Sarah Agnes, and Nancy Emily. These several years only declare three children when there should be four. There's no evidence that another of the girls died and they are properly accounted for in the census later, so I don't know what was happening in these lists. In 1849 Benjamin shows 73 acres on Muddy Fork at $293, 1 white male over 21, 2 horses or mares at $20, and a total valuation of $313, but this year he is listed for J. C. Goode's Heirs with the 66 acres.
The 1850 census for Trigg shows Benjamin and Nancy in the 1st District on p. 299 with the following information for this Goode family:
Benje M., age 49, b. SC, farmer, real estate value $300
Nancy, age 48, b. NC
Elijah, age 23, b. KY, farmer
Frances, age 16, b. KY, attended school in the year
Martha, age, 14, b. KY [no note of school]
Sarah A., age 12, b. KY, attended school in the year
Emily, age 9, b. KY, attended school in the year
The slave schedules do not show Benjamin with any slaves.
The 1850 tax lists are also now labeled and Benj. M. Goode is in the 1st district with 1 voter, 34 acres on Muddy Fork at $200, 1 white male over 21, 2 horses or mares at $40, 3 children age 5 to 16, and a total valuation of $240. Sons John and E.D. Goode are right next to Benjamin on the list. Neither are listed with any land, and there still haven't been any deeds to account for Benjamin's land changes. The three children are Martha A. (14), Sarah A. (12), and Nancy Emily (9).
I have not found any land or court or other records for the next couple years for Benjamin and Nancy. Their tax listings (John and Elijah are also on these lists) are as follows:
1851 - Goode Benj - 72 acres Muddy Fk valued at $375, 1 white male over 21, 2 horses or mares valued at $60, 2 children 5-16, total $435
1852 - Goode B. M. - 63 acres Muddy Fk valued at $345, 1 white male over 21, 2 horses or mares valued at $75, 4 cattle [no value given], 2 children 5-16, 6 hogs over 6 months old, total $420
1853 - Goode B. M. - 60 acres Muddy Fk valued at $310, 1 white male over 21, 3 horses or mares valued at $100, 3 cattle, 3 children 6-18, 3 hogs over 6 months old, total $410
There are no books for 1854-1855, the 1856 book is badly water-stained and very difficult to read, but I'm pretty sure there's no Benjamin or John or Elijah Goode. From 1857 on Benjamin and family are definitely gone. The books suggest that they have moved sometime around 1853.
The Genealogical Biographies of Landowners of Grayson County TX 1836-1869 says that E. Y. Goode, who was born in 1848 in Kentucky, moved to Grayson in 1853. The 1850 Trigg census shows that this E. Y. Goode is the son of John and grandson of Benjamin and Nancy, so this helps confirm their moving date. E. D. Goode is also discussed in this book and it says his first child, J. A. Goode, was born around 1858 in Tennessee. Benjamin didn't buy land in Texas until 1856, so it needs to be further researched to find out if Benjamin and Nancy stopped in Tennessee on their way to Texas. B. J. Goode and Nancy are also mentioned in the book, B. J. with a birth of ca1800 in SC, Nancy born ca1801 in NC, children Martha born ca1838 in KY, and "maybe" Nancy E. born ca1840 in KY.
The Goodes are in Grayson county in the 1860 census, taken on 8 June. Their P.O. Box is Sherman and the family consists of:
B. J. [this is clear], age 60, b. SC, farmer, real estate value $800, personal property value $650
Nancy, age 59, b. NC, "Dom" [domestic]
Martha, age 22, b. KY
The records of Grayson county are scant, some of Benjamin and Nancy's children married, but there isn't much in the way of deeds or court records and no tax lists. An annual report for the estate of Bledsoe Holder which was filed on 30 August 1861 mentions Benjamin Goode.
Grayson Deed Book P, p. 194, records the land grant Benjamin Goode took (in vol. 5 no. 23). Goode Benjamin received a patent from the State of Texas in 1863, for 160 acres in Grayson on the waters of Iron Ore Creek about 5.5 miles N 24¡ W of Sherman, being the SW 1/4 of section 14 in leagues 1, 11, 15, & 16 of University lands, the same having been purchased and fully paid for by said Goode at a sale of University Lands approved 20 Aug 1856 [this was the date an act was approved to dispose of these lands, not the date of the sale]. The land description has it beginning at the northwest corner of section 1, thence north with the east line of section 13, 950 varas to a post & mound on a High point in prairie, thence east 950 varas to a post and mound, thence south 950 varas to a post and mound on high ridge prairie from which a hackberry mark of [x] bears north 51¡ east 29 varas, thence west 950 varas to the beginning. This was done at Austin on 5 February 1863, filed 25 February 1863, and recorded 26 June 1863.
I have not done a section map to pin down this land, but Sherman and Iron Ore Creek (red dots) are shown on this map:
Just 20 days after first buying the land, Benjamin sold some of it to C. C. Binkley, who had or would marry Benjamin and Nancy's daughter Sarah Agnes. The deed is in Book O, p. 596, written on 25 February 1863, transferring for $400 from Benjamin M. Goode to C. C. Binkley land in Grayson on the waters of Iron Ore Creek about 6 miles [direction not written] of Sherman, being the west 1/2 of 160 acres of University land and the west 1/4 of section 14 in leagues 11, 15 & 16, "which 160 acres was patented to me 5 February 1863", the said 80 acres "beginning at the N.W. corner of section No. 1 thence N. with the E. line of section No. 13, 950 vas to a post & mound on prairie, Thence E. 475 vas, Thence S. 950 vas, Thence W. 475 vas to the beginning". This was recorded on 5 March 1863, but in the side column is written a second recording on 22 December 1866.
Wadkins Hobson died in Grayson on 9 June 1867 and his will, filed on 23 June 1867 names John Good and wife, and Benjamin Good, among others. Based on the 1850 census of Trigg, Wadkins Hobson was very likely the father of Eliza Hobson who had married Benjamin and Nancy's son John Goode. I have not yet checked this will for how it mentions Benjamin.
The 1870 census for Grayson lists Benjamin Goode in Precinct 1, the family was enumerated on 13 August as follows:
Benjamin, age 70, b. SC, farmer, real estate $1400, personal property $500
Nancy, age 68, b. NC, keeps house
Martha, age 32, b. KY, keeps house
Edward, age 21, b. KY, farmer
Benjamin, age 18, b. KY, at home
Arche, age 16, b. TX, at home
These last three children are some of their grandchildren, sons of John Daniel Goode and Eliza(beth) Hobson, and a son of Elizabeth Jane and John Hawkins Goode. Edward Y. is in the 1850 census of Trigg with his parents John and Eliza (Hobson) Goode. Eliza Hobson Goode had died and John was married second to Malinda Sparkman in 1860 in Texas. John and Malinda (Sparkman) Goode are also in the 1870 Grayson census of this precinct, but it looks like some of John's first children are still with them: John 16 and Archa 14. Then there are children born after 1860 who are Malinda's and John's. The Arche/Archa may be a double enumeration of the same child. Benjamin (age 18 in 1870) is the son of Elizabeth Jane and John Hawkins Goode. Elizabeth Jane had died on 24 March 1852 and was buried in Wall Cemetery in Trigg. John Hawkins Goode was married second to Mary George Bates. According to Ben Taylor Goode, Benjamin and Nancy Goode did not want to give up their grandson Benjamin ("John Benjamin"). This grandson Benjamin does not appear with them on the 1860 census, but he is here with them in 1870.
Sometime before 1880 Benjamin Morton Goode died. The 1880 census, taken on 5 June 1880 shows Nancy as age 77, b. SC, widowed, housekeeper. Living with her are her daughter and son-in-law, James and Martha Porter. James is 34, b. TN, working on the farm, Martha is 43, b. KY, also housekeeping. None of these three could read or write. There are no Grayson records that tell further of Nancy Daniel Goode, and no graves have been found for her or for Benjamin Morton Goode. Their daughter Virginia Susan, wife of William S. Coy, had remained in Kentucky, but eventually moved to Texas as well, around 1886.
The following are sources from Benjamin Morton Goode and Nancy Daniel's times and places, but which didn't yield information specific to them (lateral or descendant info which I didn't include in this write-up may be in these sources):
Go to Benjamin Morton Goode and Nancy Daniel's family group sheet.
Continue reading about Virginia Susan Goode and William Coy
Go to the Table of Contents.